Acronyms

Architecture

DAG – Directed Acyclic Graph
DAO – Decentralised Autonomous Organisation
DApp – Decentralised Application
DEX – Decentralised Exchange
HTLC – Hashed Timelock Contract
IPFS – InterPlanetary File System
L1 – Layer One
L2 – Layer Two
NFT – Non-Fungible Token
P2P – Peer-to-Peer
PKI – Public Key Infrastructure
SMR – State Machine Replication
TCR – Token Curated Registry
TPS – Transactions Per Second
TXID – Transaction ID
UTXO – Unspent Transaction Output
ZKP – Zero-Knowledge Proof
zkSNARK – Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge

Bitcoin

BIP – Bitcoin Improvement Proposal
BTC – Bitcoin
LN – Lightning Network
LND – Lightning Network Daemon
MAST – Merkelised Abstract Syntax Tree
P2SH – Pay To Script Hash
P2WPKH – Pay To Witness Public Key Hash
P2WSH – Pay To Witness Script Hash
P2TR – Pay to Taproot
SegWit –Segregated Witness
SHA – Secure Hash Algorithm
UASF – User-Activated Soft Fork

Consensus

BFT – Byzantine Fault Tolerance
​– Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance
DPoS – Delegated Proof of Stake
GHOST – Greediest Heaviest Observed Subtree
GRANDPA – GHOST-based Recursive ANcestor Deriving Prefix Agreement
PBFT – Partial Byzantine Fault Tolerance
PBFT – Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance
PoA – Proof of Authority
PoS – Proof of Stake
PoW – Proof of Work

Ethereum

DeFi – Decentralised Finance
EEA – Enterprise Ethereum Alliance
EF – Ethereum Foundation
EIP – Ethereum Improvement Proposal
ERC – Ethereum Request for Comments
ETH – Ether
EVM – Ethereum Virtual Machine
WETH – Wrapped Ether

Finance

ACH – Automated Clearing House
APR – Annual Percentage Rate
ETF – Exchange-Traded Fund
ETP – Exchange-Traded Product
IRA – Individual Retirement Account
MoE – Medium of Exchange
SoV – Store of Value
SMSF – Self-Managed Superannuation Fund
UoA – Unit of Account

Fundraising

DAICO – Decentralised Autonomous Initial Coin Offering
ICO – Initial Coin Offering
IDO – Initial DEX Offering
IEO – Initial Exchange Offering
IFO – Initial Future Offering
IICO – Interactive Initial Coin Offering
MTO – Micro Token Offering
MTO – Milestone Token Offering
SAFT – Simple Agreement for Future Tokens
STO – Security Token Offering
TBC – Token Bonding Curve

Hardware

ASIC – Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
CPU – Central Processing Unit
GPU – Graphics Processing Unit
HSM – Hardware Security Module
IC – Integrated Circuit

Meme

DYOR – Do Your Own Research
FOMO – Fear Of Missing Out
FUD – Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt
TL;DR – Too Long; Didn’t Read

Regulation

ADAM – Association for Digital Asset Markets
ADCA – Australian Digital Commerce Association
APRA – Australian Prudential Regulation Authority
ASIC – Australian Securities and Investments Commission
ATO – Australian Taxation Office
ATS – Alternative Trading System
CBDC – Central Bank Digital Currency
CFTC – Commodity Futures Trading Commission
COP – Communist Party of Australia
DOJ – Department of Justice
ESMA – European Securities and Markets Authority
FATF – Financial Action Task Force
FINRA – Financial Industry Regulatory Authority
FinCEN – Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
FSA – Financial Services Agency
FSOC – Financial Stability Oversight Council
FVEY – Five Eyes
G7 – Group of Seven
G20 – Group of Twenty
GDPR – General Data Protection Regulation
IRS – Internal Revenue Service
KFTC – Korea Fair Trade Commission
PSD2 – Payment Services Directive
SEC – Securities and Exchange Commission

Security

2FA – Two-Factor Authentication
AML – Anti-Money Laundering
BLS – Boneh–Lynn–Shacham
ECC – Elliptic-Curve Cryptography
ECDSA – Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm
KYC – Know Your Customer
MPC – Multi-Party Computation
PGP – Pretty Good Privacy
RSA – Rivest–Shamir–Adleman
TEE – Trusted Execution Environment
TLS – Transport Layer Security
VPN – Virtual Private Network

Software

API – Application Programming Interface
CSV – Comma-Separated Values
FOSS – Free and Open Source Software
SaaS – Software as a Service
REST – Representational State Transfer
UI – User Interface
UX – User Experience

Trading

AON – All or None
ATH – All-Time High
ATL – All-Time Low
BB – Bollinger Band
DCA – Dollar-Cost Averaging
EMA – Exponential Moving Average
FA – Fundamental Analysis
FOK – Fill or Kill
MACD – Moving Average Convergence Divergence
MVRV – Market Value to Realised Value
NVT – Network Value to Transactions
OCO – One-Cancels-Other
OTC – Over-the-Counter
PnD – Pump and Dump
ROI – Return on Investment
RSI – Relative Strength Index
SMA – Simple Moving Average
TA – Technical Analysis